Periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal Disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria, and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen, and bleeding gums.
Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. Patients who experience seeing "pink in the sink" often think nothing of it when there is an active infection taking place.
Not only is Periodontal Disease the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as: stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and increased risk of miscarriages or under-weight babies during pregnancy. Researchers are determining if inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking also increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Proper oral hygiene, a healthy diet, and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease.
Signs and symptoms of Periodontal Disease: